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drv_RouterBoard.c

/* $Id: drv_RouterBoard.c,v 1.5 2005/05/08 04:32:44 reinelt Exp $
 *
 * driver for the "Router Board LCD port" 
 * see port details at http://www.routerboard.com
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2004  Roman Jozsef <rjoco77@freemail.hu> 
 * Copyright (C) 2004 The LCD4Linux Team <lcd4linux-devel@users.sourceforge.net>
 *
 * based on the HD44780 parallel port driver and RB SDK example 
 *
 * This file is part of LCD4Linux.
 *
 * LCD4Linux is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
 * any later version.
 *
 * LCD4Linux is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 *
 *
 * $Log: drv_RouterBoard.c,v $
 * Revision 1.5  2005/05/08 04:32:44  reinelt
 * CodingStyle added and applied
 *
 * Revision 1.4  2005/01/18 06:30:23  reinelt
 * added (C) to all copyright statements
 *
 * Revision 1.3  2004/08/30 12:48:52  rjoco77
 *  * Added backlight update immediatelly
 *
 * Revision 1.2  2004/08/29 20:07:55  reinelt
 *
 * Patch from Joco: Make RouterBoard Backlight configurable
 *
 */


/* This particulary board not have paralell port but have a special LCD header
 * where can connect an HD44780 display.
 * This port called IOSC0 port, and is write only, this port control the
 * 4 leds on board too.
 * Because its a write only port you can't control leds outside lcd driver
 * or inverse, for this added the socket controlled leds. To send led status
 * simply open an UDP socket and send to localhost 127.0.0.1 port 3333 one
 * byte or more anyway only the first byte 4 low bits used the others is
 * cleared and ignored bit0 = Led1 ,bit1 = Led2 ...
 * This socket polled via timer callback, for detail see at drv_RB_start()
 * I add at to end of this file an example!
 * If you don't want coment #define RB_WITH LEDS and this part will be ignored
 *
 * The connection details:
 *    The IOCS0 port lower 16 bits connected as follows:
 *     bit   LCD  LEDS
 *     0..7  data
 *      8    INITX
 *      9    SLINX
 *      10   AFDX
 *      11   backlit
 *      12              LED1
 *      13              LED2
 *      14              LED3
 *      15              LED4
 *    
 * LCD male header:
 * 1  Vcc +5V
 * 2  GND
 * 3  RS (Register Select,AFDX)
 * 4  Contrast adjust (controlled) but how? if you know tell me not mentioned on User Manual
 * 5  E (enable signal, INITX)
 * 6  R/W (Data read/write or SLINX) not used connect LCD pin to ground
 * 7  Data 1
 * 8  Data 0
 * 9  Data 3
 * 10 Data 2
 * 11 Data 5
 * 12 Data 4
 * 13 Data 7
 * 14 Data 6
 * 15 Backlit GND (controlled) (IOSC0 bit 11)
 * 16   Backlit Vcc +5V
 *
 * If you using this driver and board and you have any fun device connected,
 * program or story :-) ,please share for me. Thanks.
 *             
 * Literature
 *    [GEODE] Geode SC1100 Information Appliance On a Chip
 *      (http://www.national.com/ds/SC/SC1100.pdf)       
 *    [RB User Manual]
 *      (http://www.routerboard.com)
 *
 *
 * Revision 1.2 
 * Added backlight control
 */


/* 
 *
 * exported fuctions:
 *
 * struct DRIVER drv_RouterBoard
 *
 */





#include "config.h"

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/io.h>

#include "debug.h"
#include "cfg.h"
#include "udelay.h"
#include "qprintf.h"
#include "plugin.h"
#include "widget.h"
#include "widget_text.h"
#include "widget_icon.h"
#include "widget_bar.h"
#include "drv.h"
#include "drv_generic_text.h"


/* #define RB_WITH_LEDS 1 */

#ifdef RB_WITH_LEDS           /* Build without socket&led support */

#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/poll.h>

#define POLL_TIMEOUT    10    /* Socket poll timeout */
#define MAXMSG_SIZE     100   /* Max messagge we can receive */

static int sock_c;            /* Socket handler */
static struct sockaddr_in *sacl;
char sock_msg[MAXMSG_SIZE];

#endif


static char Name[] = "RouterBoard";

static int Model;
static int Capabilities;

/* RouterBoard control signals */

#define LCD_INITX     0x0100
#define LCD_SLINX     0x0200
#define LCD_AFDX      0x0400
#define LCD_BACKLIGHT 0x0800
#define RB_LEDS         0xF000

#define CAR 0x0CF8
#define CDR 0x0CFC


/* HD44780 execution timings [microseconds]
 * as these values differ from spec to spec,
 * we use the worst-case values.
 */

#define T_INIT1 4100          /* first init sequence:  4.1 msec */
#define T_INIT2  100          /* second init sequence: 100 usec */
#define T_EXEC    80          /* normal execution time */
#define T_WRCG   120          /* CG RAM Write */
#define T_CLEAR 1680          /* Clear Display */
#define T_AS      60          /* Address setup time */

/* Fixme: GPO's not yet implemented */
static int GPOS;
/* static int GPO=0; */

/* Fixme: This actually ARE the GPO's... */
static unsigned RB_Leds = 0;

static unsigned RB_BackLight = 0;

typedef struct {
    int type;
    char *name;
    int capabilities;
} MODEL;

#define CAP_HD66712    (1<<0)

static MODEL Models[] = {
    {0x01, "HD44780", 0},
    {0x02, "HD66712", CAP_HD66712},
    {0xff, "Unknown", 0}
};


/****************************************/
/***  hardware dependant functions    ***/
/****************************************/

#ifdef RB_WITH_LEDS

static int drv_RB_sock_init()
{

    if ((sacl = (struct sockaddr_in *) malloc(sizeof(struct sockaddr_in))) == NULL) {
      return -1;
    }

    memset(sacl, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in));
    sacl->sin_family = AF_INET;
    sacl->sin_port = htons(3333);   //Listen Port
    sacl->sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr("127.0.0.1");   //Listen Address

    if ((sock_c = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0)) < 0) {
      error("Socket open failed");
      free(sacl);
      return -1;
    }

    if (bind(sock_c, (struct sockaddr *) sacl, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in)) < 0) {
      error("Socket bind open failed");
      free(sacl);
      return -1;
    }
    return 0;
}


static void drv_RB_poll_data(void __attribute__ ((unused)) * notused)
{
    int len, size;
    struct pollfd usfd;
    usfd.fd = sock_c;
    usfd.events = POLLIN | POLLPRI;
    while (poll(&usfd, 1, POLL_TIMEOUT) > 0) {
      len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
      if ((size = recvfrom(sock_c, sock_msg, MAXMSG_SIZE, 0, (struct sockaddr *) sacl, (socklen_t *) & len)) < 0);
      else {
          RB_Leds = sock_msg[0] & 0x0F;
          RB_Leds = RB_Leds << 12;
          /* fprintf(stderr, "Received data %s\n",sock_msg); */
      }
    }
}

#endif

/* IOCS0 port number can read from PCI Configuration Space Function 0 (F0) */
/* at index 74h as 16 bit value (see [GEODE] 5.3.1 pg.151 and pg.176 Table 5-29 */

static unsigned getIocs0Port(void)
{
    static unsigned ret = 0;

    /*get IO permission, here you can't use ioperm command */
    iopl(3);

    if (!ret) {
      outl(0x80009074, CAR);
      ret = inw(CDR);
    }
    return ret;
}


static int drv_RB_backlight(int backlight)
{
    /* -1 is used to query  the current Backlight */
    if (backlight == -1) {
      if (RB_BackLight > 0)
          return 1;           // because RB_Backlight actually is 0x0800 or 0
      return 0;
    }

    if (backlight < 0)
      backlight = 0;
    if (backlight > 1)
      backlight = 1;

    RB_BackLight = backlight ? LCD_BACKLIGHT : 0;

    /* Set backlight output */
    outw(RB_Leds | RB_BackLight, getIocs0Port());

    return backlight;
}




static void drv_RB_command(const unsigned char cmd, const int delay)
{

    outw(RB_Leds | LCD_INITX | RB_BackLight | cmd, getIocs0Port());

    ndelay(T_AS);

    outw(RB_Leds | RB_BackLight | cmd, getIocs0Port());

    // wait for command completion
    udelay(delay);

}


static void drv_RB_data(const char *string, const int len, const int delay)
{
    int l = len;
    unsigned char ch;

    /* sanity check */
    if (len <= 0)
      return;

    while (l--) {

      ch = *(string++);

      outw(RB_Leds | LCD_AFDX | LCD_INITX | RB_BackLight | ch, getIocs0Port());

      ndelay(T_AS);

      outw(RB_Leds | LCD_AFDX | RB_BackLight | ch, getIocs0Port());

      // wait for command completion
      udelay(delay);

    }
}


static void drv_RB_clear(void)
{
    drv_RB_command(0x01, T_CLEAR);
}


static void drv_RB_goto(int row, int col)
{
    int pos;

    /* 16x1 Displays are organized as 8x2 :-( */
    if (DCOLS == 16 && DROWS == 1 && col > 7) {
      row++;
      col -= 8;
    }

    if (Capabilities & CAP_HD66712) {
      /* the HD66712 doesn't have a braindamadged RAM layout */
      pos = row * 32 + col;
    } else {
      /* 16x4 Displays use a slightly different layout */
      if (DCOLS == 16 && DROWS == 4) {
          pos = (row % 2) * 64 + (row / 2) * 16 + col;
      } else {
          pos = (row % 2) * 64 + (row / 2) * 20 + col;
      }
    }
    drv_RB_command((0x80 | pos), T_EXEC);
}


static void drv_RB_write(const int row, const int col, const char *data, const int len)
{
    drv_RB_goto(row, col);
    drv_RB_data(data, len, T_EXEC);
}


static void drv_RB_defchar(const int ascii, const unsigned char *matrix)
{
    int i;
    char buffer[8];

    for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
      buffer[i] = matrix[i] & 0x1f;
    }

    drv_RB_command(0x40 | 8 * ascii, T_EXEC);
    drv_RB_data(buffer, 8, T_WRCG);
}


/* Fixme: GPO's */
#if 0
static void drv_RB_setGPO(const int bits)
{
}
#endif

static int drv_RB_start(const char *section, const int quiet)
{
    char *model, *strsize;
    int rows = -1, cols = -1, gpos = -1;
    int l;

    model = cfg_get(section, "Model", "HD44780");
    if (model != NULL && *model != '\0') {
      int i;
      for (i = 0; Models[i].type != 0xff; i++) {
          if (strcasecmp(Models[i].name, model) == 0)
            break;
      }
      if (Models[i].type == 0xff) {
          error("%s: %s.Model '%s' is unknown from %s", Name, section, model, cfg_source());
          return -1;
      }
      Model = i;
      Capabilities = Models[Model].capabilities;
      info("%s: using model '%s'", Name, Models[Model].name);
    } else {
      error("%s: empty '%s.Model' entry from %s", Name, section, cfg_source());
      return -1;
    }
    free(model);

    strsize = cfg_get(section, "Size", NULL);
    if (strsize == NULL || *strsize == '\0') {
      error("%s: no '%s.Size' entry from %s", Name, section, cfg_source());
      free(strsize);
      return -1;
    }
    if (sscanf(strsize, "%dx%d", &cols, &rows) != 2 || rows < 1 || cols < 1) {
      error("%s: bad %s.Size '%s' from %s", Name, section, strsize, cfg_source());
      free(strsize);
      return -1;
    }
    free(strsize);

    /*set backlight */
    if (cfg_number(section, "Backlight", 1, 0, 1, &l) > 0) {
      drv_RB_backlight(l);
    }

    if (cfg_number(section, "GPOs", 0, 0, 8, &gpos) < 0)
      return -1;
    info("%s: controlling %d GPO's", Name, gpos);

#ifdef RB_WITH_LEDS

    if (drv_RB_sock_init() < 0) {
      error("Sock error");
      return -1;
    } else
      timer_add(drv_RB_poll_data, NULL, 500, 0);

#endif

    DROWS = rows;
    DCOLS = cols;
    GPOS = gpos;

    drv_RB_command(0x30, T_INIT1);  /* 8 Bit mode, wait 4.1 ms */
    drv_RB_command(0x30, T_INIT2);  /* 8 Bit mode, wait 100 us */
    drv_RB_command(0x38, T_EXEC);   /* 8 Bit mode, 1/16 duty cycle, 5x8 font */

    drv_RB_command(0x08, T_EXEC);   /* Display off, cursor off, blink off */
    drv_RB_command(0x0c, T_CLEAR);  /* Display on, cursor off, blink off, wait 1.64 ms */
    drv_RB_command(0x06, T_EXEC);   /* curser moves to right, no shift */

    if ((Capabilities & CAP_HD66712) && DROWS > 2) {
      drv_RB_command(0x3c, T_EXEC); /* set extended register enable bit */
      drv_RB_command(0x09, T_EXEC); /* set 4-line mode */
      drv_RB_command(0x38, T_EXEC); /* clear extended register enable bit */
    }

    drv_RB_clear();
    drv_RB_command(0x03, T_CLEAR);  /* return home */

    if (!quiet) {
      char buffer[40];
      qprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%s %dx%d", Name, DCOLS, DROWS);
      if (drv_generic_text_greet(buffer, NULL)) {
          sleep(3);
          drv_RB_clear();
      }
    }

    return 0;
}


/****************************************/
/***            plugins               ***/
/****************************************/
static void plugin_backlight(RESULT * result, const int argc, RESULT * argv[])
{
    double backlight;

    switch (argc) {
    case 0:
      backlight = drv_RB_backlight(-1);
      SetResult(&result, R_NUMBER, &backlight);
      break;
    case 1:
      backlight = drv_RB_backlight(R2N(argv[0]));
      SetResult(&result, R_NUMBER, &backlight);
      break;
    default:
      error("%s::backlight(): wrong number of parameters", Name);
      SetResult(&result, R_STRING, "");
    }
}



/****************************************/
/***        widget callbacks          ***/
/****************************************/


/* using drv_generic_text_draw(W) */
/* using drv_generic_text_icon_draw(W) */
/* using drv_generic_text_bar_draw(W) */


/****************************************/
/***        exported functions        ***/
/****************************************/


/* list models */
int drv_RB_list(void)
{
    int i;

    for (i = 0; Models[i].type != 0xff; i++) {
      printf("%s ", Models[i].name);
    }
    return 0;
}

/* initialize driver & display */
int drv_RB_init(const char *section, const int quiet)
{
    WIDGET_CLASS wc;
    int asc255bug;
    int ret;

    /* display preferences */
    XRES = 5;                 /* pixel width of one char  */
    YRES = 8;                 /* pixel height of one char  */
    CHARS = 8;                /* number of user-defineable characters */
    CHAR0 = 0;                /* ASCII of first user-defineable char */
    GOTO_COST = 2;            /* number of bytes a goto command requires */

    /* real worker functions */
    drv_generic_text_real_write = drv_RB_write;
    drv_generic_text_real_defchar = drv_RB_defchar;


    /* start display */
    if ((ret = drv_RB_start(section, quiet)) != 0)
      return ret;

    /* initialize generic text driver */
    if ((ret = drv_generic_text_init(section, Name)) != 0)
      return ret;

    /* initialize generic icon driver */
    if ((ret = drv_generic_text_icon_init()) != 0)
      return ret;

    /* initialize generic bar driver */
    if ((ret = drv_generic_text_bar_init(0)) != 0)
      return ret;

    /* add fixed chars to the bar driver */
    /* most displays have a full block on ascii 255, but some have kind of  */
    /* an 'inverted P'. If you specify 'asc255bug 1 in the config, this */
    /* char will not be used, but rendered by the bar driver */
    cfg_number(section, "asc255bug", 0, 0, 1, &asc255bug);
    drv_generic_text_bar_add_segment(0, 0, 255, 32);  /* ASCII  32 = blank */
    if (!asc255bug)
      drv_generic_text_bar_add_segment(255, 255, 255, 255); /* ASCII 255 = block */

    /* register text widget */
    wc = Widget_Text;
    wc.draw = drv_generic_text_draw;
    widget_register(&wc);

    /* register icon widget */
    wc = Widget_Icon;
    wc.draw = drv_generic_text_icon_draw;
    widget_register(&wc);

    /* register bar widget */
    wc = Widget_Bar;
    wc.draw = drv_generic_text_bar_draw;
    widget_register(&wc);

    /* register plugins */
    AddFunction("LCD::backlight", -1, plugin_backlight);

    return 0;
}


/* close driver & display */
int drv_RB_quit(const int quiet)
{

    info("%s: shutting down.", Name);

    drv_generic_text_quit();

    /* clear *both* displays */
    drv_RB_clear();

    /* say goodbye... */
    if (!quiet) {
      drv_generic_text_greet("goodbye!", NULL);
    }
#ifdef RB_WITH_LEDS

    close(sock_c);
    free(sacl);               /*close network socket */

#endif

    return (0);
}


DRIVER drv_RouterBoard = {
  name:Name,
  list:drv_RB_list,
  init:drv_RB_init,
  quit:drv_RB_quit,
};



/* 

Simple example to send led status to port 3333
#include <stdio.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <errno.h>

int send_packet (unsigned char leds)
{
    struct sockaddr_in *sas;
    int sock;
    char msg[20];
    msg[0]=leds;
    msg[1]=0;
    
    if ((sock = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, IPPROTO_UDP)) < 0) {
      fprintf(stderr, "Socket option failed.\n");
      return -1;
    }
    
    if (( sas = (struct sockaddr_in *) malloc(sizeof(struct sockaddr_in))) == NULL) 
            return -1 ;
    memset( sas, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in));
    sas->sin_family = AF_INET;
    sas->sin_port = htons(3333);
    sas->sin_addr.s_addr = inet_addr("127.0.0.1");
    if(sendto(sock,msg,6, 0, (struct sockaddr *) sas, sizeof(struct sockaddr_in)) > 0) 
      { free(sas);
      return 1;
       }  //sent ok to dest

    free(sas);
    return -1;    //Send failed
}
  
int main ()
{
 send_packet(0x03);
 return 0;
} 

*/

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