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drv_M50530.c

/* $Id: drv_M50530.c,v 1.19 2005/06/09 17:41:47 reinelt Exp $
 *
 * new style driver for M50530-based displays
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2003 Michael Reinelt <reinelt@eunet.at>
 * Copyright (C) 2004 The LCD4Linux Team <lcd4linux-devel@users.sourceforge.net>
 *
 * This file is part of LCD4Linux.
 *
 * LCD4Linux is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
 * any later version.
 *
 * LCD4Linux is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 *
 *
 * $Log: drv_M50530.c,v $
 * Revision 1.19  2005/06/09 17:41:47  reinelt
 * M50530 fixes (many thanks to Szymon Bieganski)
 *
 * Revision 1.18  2005/05/08 04:32:44  reinelt
 * CodingStyle added and applied
 *
 * Revision 1.17  2005/05/05 08:36:12  reinelt
 * changed SELECT to SLCTIN
 *
 * Revision 1.16  2005/01/18 06:30:23  reinelt
 * added (C) to all copyright statements
 *
 * Revision 1.15  2005/01/06 16:54:53  reinelt
 * M50530 fixes
 *
 * Revision 1.14  2004/06/26 12:04:59  reinelt
 *
 * uh-oh... the last CVS log message messed up things a lot...
 *
 * Revision 1.13  2004/06/26 09:27:20  reinelt
 *
 * added '-W' to CFLAGS
 * changed all C++ comments to C ones
 * cleaned up a lot of signed/unsigned mistakes
 *
 * Revision 1.12  2004/06/20 10:09:54  reinelt
 *
 * 'const'ified the whole source
 *
 * Revision 1.11  2004/06/06 06:51:59  reinelt
 *
 * do not display end splash screen if quiet=1
 *
 * Revision 1.10  2004/06/05 06:41:39  reinelt
 *
 * chancged splash screen again
 *
 * Revision 1.9  2004/06/05 06:13:12  reinelt
 *
 * splash screen for all text-based display drivers
 *
 * Revision 1.8  2004/06/02 09:41:19  reinelt
 *
 * prepared support for startup splash screen
 *
 * Revision 1.7  2004/06/01 06:45:29  reinelt
 *
 * some Fixme's processed
 * documented some code
 *
 * Revision 1.6  2004/05/31 05:38:02  reinelt
 *
 * fixed possible bugs with user-defined chars (clear high bits)
 * thanks to Andy Baxter for debugging the MilfordInstruments driver!
 *
 * Revision 1.5  2004/05/29 15:53:28  reinelt
 *
 * M50530: reset parport signals on exit
 * plugin_ppp: ppp() has two parameters, not three
 * lcd4linux.conf.sample: diskstats() corrected
 *
 * Revision 1.4  2004/05/26 11:37:36  reinelt
 *
 * Curses driver ported.
 *
 * Revision 1.3  2004/03/19 09:17:46  reinelt
 *
 * removed the extra 'goto' function, row and col are additional parameters
 * of the write() function now.
 *
 * Revision 1.2  2004/02/15 21:43:43  reinelt
 * T6963 driver nearly finished
 * framework for graphic displays done
 * i2c_sensors patch from Xavier
 * some more old generation files removed
 *
 * Revision 1.1  2004/02/15 08:22:47  reinelt
 * ported USBLCD driver to NextGeneration
 * added drv_M50530.c (I forgot yesterday, sorry)
 * removed old drivers M50530.c and USBLCD.c
 *
 */

/* 
 *
 * exported fuctions:
 *
 * struct DRIVER drv_M50530
 *
 */

#include "config.h"

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <termios.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/time.h>

#include "debug.h"
#include "cfg.h"
#include "qprintf.h"
#include "udelay.h"
#include "plugin.h"
#include "widget.h"
#include "widget_text.h"
#include "widget_icon.h"
#include "widget_bar.h"
#include "drv.h"
#include "drv_generic_text.h"
#include "drv_generic_parport.h"

static char Name[] = "M50530";

static int Model;

static unsigned char SIGNAL_EX;
static unsigned char SIGNAL_IOC1;
static unsigned char SIGNAL_IOC2;
static unsigned char SIGNAL_GPO;

static int FONT5X11;
static int DDRAM;
static int DUTY;

/* Fixme: GPO's not yet implemented */
static int GPOS;
/* static int GPO=0; */


typedef struct {
    int type;
    char *name;
} MODEL;

static MODEL Models[] = {
    {0x01, "generic"},
    {0xff, "Unknown"}
};


/****************************************/
/***  hardware dependant functions    ***/
/****************************************/

static void drv_M5_command(const unsigned int cmd, const int delay)
{

    /* put data on DB1..DB8 */
    drv_generic_parport_data(cmd & 0xff);

    /* set I/OC1 */
    /* set I/OC2 */
    drv_generic_parport_control(SIGNAL_IOC1 | SIGNAL_IOC2, (cmd & 0x100 ? SIGNAL_IOC1 : 0) | (cmd & 0x200 ? SIGNAL_IOC2 : 0));

    /* Control data setup time */
    ndelay(200);

    /* send command */
    /* EX signal pulse width = 500ns */
    /* Fixme: why 500 ns? Datasheet says 200ns */
    drv_generic_parport_toggle(SIGNAL_EX, 1, 500);

    /* wait */
    udelay(delay);

}


static void drv_M5_clear(void)
{
    drv_M5_command(0x0001, 1250);   /* clear display */
}


static void drv_M5_write(const int row, const int col, const char *data, const int len)
{
    int l = len;
    unsigned int cmd;
    unsigned int pos;

    if (row < 4) {
      pos = row * (DDRAM >> DUTY) + col;
    } else {
      pos = (row - 4) * (DDRAM >> DUTY) + (DDRAM >> DUTY) / 2 + col;
    }

    drv_M5_command(0x300 | pos, 20);

    while (l--) {
      cmd = *(unsigned char *) data++;
      drv_M5_command(0x200 | cmd, 20);
    }
}


static void drv_M5_defchar(const int ascii, const unsigned char *matrix)
{
    int i;

    drv_M5_command(0x300 + DDRAM + 8 * (ascii - CHAR0), 20);

    for (i = 0; i < YRES; i++) {
      drv_M5_command(0x200 | (matrix[i] & 0x3f), 20);
    }
}


/* Fixme: GPO's */
#if 0
static void drv_M5_setGPO(const int bits)
{
    if (Lcd.gpos > 0) {

      /* put data on DB1..DB8 */
      drv_generic_parport_data(bits);

      /* 74HCT573 set-up time */
      ndelay(20);

      /* send data */
      /* 74HCT573 enable pulse width = 24ns */
      drv_generic_parport_toggle(SIGNAL_GPO, 1, 24);
    }
}
#endif


static int drv_M5_start(const char *section, const int quiet)
{
    char *s;
    int n;
    int rows = -1, cols = -1;
    unsigned int SF;

    s = cfg_get(section, "Model", "generic");
    if (s != NULL && *s != '\0') {
      int i;
      for (i = 0; Models[i].type != 0xff; i++) {
          if (strcasecmp(Models[i].name, s) == 0)
            break;
      }
      free(s);
      if (Models[i].type == 0xff) {
          error("%s: %s.Model '%s' is unknown from %s", Name, section, s, cfg_source());
          return -1;
      }
      Model = i;
      info("%s: using model '%s'", Name, Models[Model].name);
    } else {
      error("%s: empty '%s.Model' entry from %s", Name, section, cfg_source());
      free(s);
      return -1;
    }

    s = cfg_get(section, "Size", NULL);
    if (s == NULL || *s == '\0') {
      error("%s: no '%s.Size' entry from %s", Name, section, cfg_source());
      free(s);
      return -1;
    }
    if (sscanf(s, "%dx%d", &cols, &rows) != 2 || rows < 1 || cols < 1) {
      error("%s: bad %s.Size '%s' from %s", Name, section, s, cfg_source());
      free(s);
      return -1;
    }
    free(s);
    DROWS = rows;
    DCOLS = cols;

    s = cfg_get(section, "Font", "5x7");
    if (s == NULL && *s == '\0') {
      error("%s: empty '%s.Font' entry from %s", Name, section, cfg_source());
      free(s);
      return -1;
    }
    if (strcasecmp(s, "5x7") == 0) {
      XRES = 5;
      YRES = 7;
      FONT5X11 = 0;
    } else if (strcasecmp(s, "5x11") == 0) {
      XRES = 5;
      YRES = 11;
      FONT5X11 = 1;
    } else {
      error("%s: bad '%s.Font' entry '%s' from %s", Name, section, s, cfg_source());
      error("%s: should be '5x7' or '5x11'", Name);
      free(s);
      return -1;
    }
    free(s);


    if (DCOLS * DROWS > 256) {
      error("%s: %s.Size '%dx%d' is too big, would require %d bytes", Name, section, DCOLS, DROWS, DCOLS * DROWS, cfg_source());
      return -1;
    } else if (DCOLS * DROWS > 224) {
      DDRAM = 256;
      CHARS = 0;
    } else if (DCOLS * DROWS > 192) {
      DDRAM = 224;
      CHARS = FONT5X11 ? 2 : 4;
    } else if (DCOLS * DROWS > 160) {
      DDRAM = 192;
      CHARS = FONT5X11 ? 4 : 8;
    } else {
      DDRAM = 160;
      CHARS = FONT5X11 ? 6 : 12;
    }
    info("%s: using %d words DDRAM / %d words CGRAM (%d user chars)", Name, DDRAM, 256 - DDRAM, CHARS);

    if (cfg_number(section, "DUTY", 2, 0, 2, &DUTY) < 0)
      return -1;
    info("%s: using duty %d: 1/%d, %d lines x %d words", Name, DUTY, (XRES + 1) << DUTY, 1 << DUTY, DDRAM >> DUTY);


    if (cfg_number(section, "GPOs", 0, 0, 8, &n) < 0)
      return -1;
    GPOS = n;
    info("%s: controlling %d GPO's", Name, GPOS);

    if (drv_generic_parport_open(section, Name) != 0) {
      error("%s: could not initialize parallel port!", Name);
      return -1;
    }

    if ((SIGNAL_EX = drv_generic_parport_wire_ctrl("EX", "STROBE")) == 0xff)
      return -1;
    if ((SIGNAL_IOC1 = drv_generic_parport_wire_ctrl("IOC1", "SLCTIN")) == 0xff)
      return -1;
    if ((SIGNAL_IOC2 = drv_generic_parport_wire_ctrl("IOC2", "AUTOFD")) == 0xff)
      return -1;
    if ((SIGNAL_GPO = drv_generic_parport_wire_ctrl("GPO", "GND")) == 0xff)
      return -1;

    /* clear all signals */
    drv_generic_parport_control(SIGNAL_EX | SIGNAL_IOC1 | SIGNAL_IOC2 | SIGNAL_GPO, 0);

    /* for some mysterious reason, this delay is necessary... */
    udelay(2000);

    /* set direction: write */
    drv_generic_parport_direction(0);


    /* set function (SF) mode:
     * Bit 0 : RAM 0
     * Bit 1 : RAM 1
     * Bit 2 : DUTY 0
     * Bit 3 : DUTY 1
     * Bit 4 : FONT: 0 = 5x12,  1 = 5x8
     * Bit 5 : I/O:  0 = 4-bit, 1 = 8-bit
     * Bit 6 : 1
     * Bit 7 : 1
     *
     * RAM layout:
     * 00: 256 words DDRAM,  0 words CGRAM
     * 01: 224 words DDRAM, 32 words CGRAM
     * 10: 192 words DDRAM, 64 words CGRAM
     * 11: 160 words DDRAM, 96 words CGRAM
     *
     * Duty:
     * 00: 1/8  (1/12 for 5x11), 1 line
     * 00: 1/16 (1/24 for 5x11), 2 lines
     * 00: 1/32 (1/48 for 5x11), 4 lines
     * 11: undefined
     */

    /* 11100000 : SF, 8-bit mode */
    SF = 0xE0;

    /* RAM layout */
    switch (DDRAM) {
    case 160:
      SF |= 0x03;
      break;
    case 192:
      SF |= 0x02;
      break;
    case 224:
      SF |= 0x01;
      break;
    case 256:
      SF |= 0x00;
      break;
    }

    /* Duty */
    SF |= (DUTY << 2);

    /* Font */
    SF |= (!FONT5X11) << 4;


    debug("SET FUNCTION MODE 0x%02x", SF);
    drv_M5_command(SF, 20);


    /* set display (SD) mode:
     * Bit 0 : 1 = turn on character blinking
     * Bit 0 : 1 = turn on cursor blinking
     * Bit 0 : 1 = turn on underline display
     * Bit 0 : 1 = turn on cursor
     * Bit 0 : 1 = turn on display
     * Bit 0 : 1
     * Bit 0 : 0
     * Bit 0 : 0
     */

    /* SD: 0x20 = 00100000 */
    /* SD: turn off display */
    drv_M5_command(0x0020, 20);


    /* set entry (SE) mode:
     * Bit 0 : 1 = inc/dec cursor address after Read
     * Bit 1 : 1 = inc/dec cursor address after Write
     * Bit 2 : 0 = inc, 1 = dec
     * Bit 3 : 1 = inc/dec display start addr after Read
     * Bit 4 : 1 = inc/dec display start addr after Write
     * Bit 5 : 0 = inc, 1 = dec
     * Bit 6 : 1
     * Bit 7 : 0
     *
     */

    /* SE: 0x50 = 01010000 */
    /* SE: increment display start after Write */
    drv_M5_command(0x0050, 20);


    /* SD: 0x30 = 00110000 */
    /* SD: turn on display */
    drv_M5_command(0x0030, 20);


    drv_M5_clear();

    if (!quiet) {
      char buffer[40];
      qprintf(buffer, sizeof(buffer), "%s %dx%d", Name, DCOLS, DROWS);
      if (drv_generic_text_greet(buffer, NULL)) {
          sleep(3);
          drv_M5_clear();
      }
    }

    return 0;
}


/****************************************/
/***            plugins               ***/
/****************************************/

/* none at the moment */


/****************************************/
/***        widget callbacks          ***/
/****************************************/

/* using drv_generic_text_draw(W) */
/* using drv_generic_text_icon_draw(W) */
/* using drv_generic_text_bar_draw(W) */


/****************************************/
/***        exported functions        ***/
/****************************************/


/* list models */
int drv_M5_list(void)
{
    int i;

    for (i = 0; Models[i].type != 0xff; i++) {
      printf("%s ", Models[i].name);
    }
    return 0;
}


/* initialize driver & display */
int drv_M5_init(const char *section, const int quiet)
{
    WIDGET_CLASS wc;
    int ret;

    /* display preferences */
    XRES = -1;                /* pixel width of one char  */
    YRES = -1;                /* pixel height of one char  */
    CHARS = 0;                /* number of user-defineable characters */
    CHAR0 = 248;        /* ASCII of first user-defineable char */
    GOTO_COST = 1;            /* number of bytes a goto command requires */

    /* real worker functions */
    drv_generic_text_real_write = drv_M5_write;
    drv_generic_text_real_defchar = drv_M5_defchar;


    /* start display */
    if ((ret = drv_M5_start(section, quiet)) != 0)
      return ret;

    /* initialize generic text driver */
    if ((ret = drv_generic_text_init(section, Name)) != 0)
      return ret;

    /* initialize generic icon driver */
    if ((ret = drv_generic_text_icon_init()) != 0)
      return ret;

    /* initialize generic bar driver */
    if ((ret = drv_generic_text_bar_init(0)) != 0)
      return ret;

    /* add fixed chars to the bar driver */
    drv_generic_text_bar_add_segment(0, 0, 255, 32);  /* ASCII  32 = blank */

    /* register text widget */
    wc = Widget_Text;
    wc.draw = drv_generic_text_draw;
    widget_register(&wc);

    /* register icon widget */
    wc = Widget_Icon;
    wc.draw = drv_generic_text_icon_draw;
    widget_register(&wc);

    /* register bar widget */
    wc = Widget_Bar;
    wc.draw = drv_generic_text_bar_draw;
    widget_register(&wc);

    /* register plugins */
    /* none at the moment */

    return 0;
}


/* close driver & display */
int drv_M5_quit(const int quiet)
{

    info("%s: shutting down.", Name);

    drv_generic_text_quit();

    /* clear display */
    drv_M5_clear();

    /* say goodbye... */
    if (!quiet) {
      drv_generic_text_greet("goodbye!", NULL);
    }

    /* clear all signals */
    drv_generic_parport_control(SIGNAL_EX | SIGNAL_IOC1 | SIGNAL_IOC2 | SIGNAL_GPO, 0);

    /* close port */
    drv_generic_parport_close();

    return (0);
}


DRIVER drv_M50530 = {
  name:Name,
  list:drv_M5_list,
  init:drv_M5_init,
  quit:drv_M5_quit,
};

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